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  • 3. 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

        Around twenty years ago I was living in York. 1 I had a lot of experience and a Master's degree, I could not find 2 work.

        I was 3 a school bus to make ends meet and 4 with a friend of mine, for I had lost my flat. I had 5 five interviews(面试) with a company and one day between bus runs they called to say I did not 6 the job. "Why has my life become so 7?"I thought painfully.

        As I pulled the bus over to 8 a little girl, she handed me an earring 9 I should keep it 10 somebody claimed (认领) it. The earring was painted black and said "BE HAPPY".

        At first I got angry. Then it 11 me—I had been giving all of my  12 to what was going wrong with my13 rather than what was right!I decided then and there to make a 14 of fifty things I was happy with. Later, I decided to15more things to the list. That night there was a phone call for 16 from a lady who was a director at a large 17. She asked me if I would 18 a one­day lecture on stress(压力) management to 200 medical workers. I said yes.

        My 19 there went very well, and before long I got a well­paid job. To this day I know it was because I changed my way of20 that I completely changed my life.

    (1)
    A . As B . Though C . If D . When
    (2)
    A . successful B . extra C . satisfying D . convenient
    (3)
    A . driving B . repairing C . taking D . designing
    (4)
    A . working B . travelling C . discussing D . living
    (5)
    A . prepared for B . attended C . asked for D . held
    (6)
    A . lose B . like C . find D . get
    (7)
    A . hard B . busy C . serious D . short
    (8)
    A . wave at B . drop off C . call on D . look for
    (9)
    A . ordering B . promising C . saying D . showing
    (10)
    A . in case B . or else C . as if D . now that
    (11)
    A . hurt B . hit C . caught D . moved
    (12)
    A . feelings B . attention C . strength D . interests
    (13)
    A . opinions B . education C . experiences D . life
    (14)
    A . list B . book C . check D . copy
    (15)
    A . connect B . turn C . keep D . add
    (16)
    A . her B . a passenger C . me D . my friend
    (17)
    A . hospital B . factory C . restaurant D . hotel
    (18)
    A . listen to B . review C . give D . talk about
    (19)
    A . plan B . choice C . day D . tour
    (20)
    A . operation B . speaking C . employment D . thinking
  • 4. 根据文章内容,从文章后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

    How to Adjust to a New School

        School is a child's base, where they learn to succeed. When you go to a new school, you might worry that you don't know anyone. You worry that you might get lost, or if the teachers are strict. Here are some ways to help you adjust to a new school.

        Getting to Know the School

        Before you start the school, go with your parents to visit the school.

        Preparing for the First Day

        Being well rested will help remove(去除) any nervousness you may be feeling. Try to get at least 8 to 9 hours of sleep if you're between 7 and 11 years old.

        Leave early for school. Make sure you leave lots of time in the morning to get to school. Arriving early may also give you a chance to chat with a few other students and hopefully make a few new friends.

        Making friends

        Taking part in activities. Sign up for activities like drama, sports or chess club. This will put you into smaller groups with people who have the same interests as yours. You might even be able to teach some other kids about how to do something.

    A. Find out where your classroom will be, as well as other important places.

    B. Start off your first day of school with a good night's sleep.

    C. Learning the rules of the school will help you adjust and will keep you out of trouble.

    D. But adjusting to a new school can be difficult.

    E. You don't want to be rushing into your classroom after the bell rings.

    F. This will also give you a chance to show your skills at a sport or other activity.

    G. Go shopping for your supplies and make sure you have them all ready to take to school.

  • 5. 阅读理解

        Shakespeare's Birthplace and Exhibition of Shakespeare's World

    Welcome to the world-famous house where William Shakespeare was born in l564 and where he grew up .The property (房产) remained in the ownership of Shakespeare's family until 1806 .The House has welcomed visitors travelling from all over the world for over 250 years.

        Enter through the Visitors' Centre and see the highly-praised exhibition Shakespeare's World,a lively and full introduction to the life and work of Shakespeare.

        Stand in the rooms where Shakespeare grew up.

        Discover examples of furniture and needlework from

        Shakespeare's period.

        Enjoy the traditional English garden, planted with trees and flower mentioned in the poet's works.

        The Birthplace is within easy walking distance of all the car parks shown on the map; nearest is Windsor Street (3 minutes' Walk).

        The House may present difficulties but the Visitors' Centre, its exhibition, and the garden are accessible (可进入的)to wheelchair users.

        The Shakespeare Coffee House (opposite the Birthplace).

    1. (1)How much is the admission for a family of two grown-ups and two children?
      A . £9.80. B . £12.00. C . £14.20. D . £16.40.
    2. (2)Where is the nearest parking place to Shakespeare's Birthplace?
      A . Behind the exhibition hall. B . Opposite the Visitors' Centre. C . At Windsor Street. D . Near the Coffee House.
    3. (3)A wheelchair user may need help to enter      .
      A . the House B . the garden C . the Visitors' Centre D . the exhibition hall
  • 6. 阅读理解

        Some educators told us that more years of school could help students get higher scores on intelligence tests. That was a finding of a study of teenage males in some countries. Now, another research shows that physical activity may help students do better in their classes.

        The research comes as educators in some countries are reducing time for activities like physical education. They are using the time instead for academic(学术的) subjects like math and reading. The studies appeared between 2008 and 2014. They included more than 55,000 children, aged 6 to 18.

        Amika Singh: "According to the results of our study, we can conclude that being physically active is beneficial for academic performance. There are, first, Physiological explanations, like more blood flow, and so more oxygen to the brain. Being physically active means there are more hormones(荷尔蒙) produced like endorphins(内啡肽). And endorphins make your stress level lower and your mood improved, which means you also perform better."

        Also, students taking part in organized sports learn rules and how to follow them. This could improve their classroom behavior and help them keep their mind on their work.

        The study leaves some questions unanswered, however Ms Stash says it is not possible to say whether the amount or kind of activity affected the level of academic improvement. This is because of differences among the studies.

        The researchers said they found only two high­quality studies. They needed more high­quality studies to confirm(证实) their findings. They also pointed out that "results for other parts of the world may be quite different".

        Still, the general finding was that physically active kids are more likely to do better in school. Ms Singh says schools should consider that finding before they cut physical education programs. Her paper on "Physical Activity and Performance at School" is published in the Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine.

    1. (1)The passage mainly tells us that         .
      A . a research on physical education has been done by the researchers B . there is a possibility that physical activity leads to higher grades C . the amount or kind of activity directly affects academic level D . the research shows that the children aged 6 to 18 don't do sports
    2. (2)Which of the following is TRUE?
      A . Being mentally active is good for academic subjects. B . The more hormones you have, the more stressed you will get. C . The researchers have found many high­quality studies to prove the research. D . The educators in some countries think studies, not exercise, mean much to students.
    3. (3)The underlined sentence in Paragraph 6 probably means         .
      A . good marks result from high­quality study B . findings are probably different in different areas C . physical activity will spread all over the world D . academic performance depends on the surroundings
    4. (4)What's the purpose of writing the passage?
      A . To call our attention to the sports at school. B . To introduce all types of physical activities. C . To represent the academic performance. D . To improve students' health.
  • 7. 阅读理解

        The UK has a well­respected higher education system and some of the top universities and research instructions in the world. But to those who are new to it all, sometimes it can be confusing.

        October is usually the busiest month in the college calendar. Universities have something called Freshers' Week for their newcomers. It's a great opportunity to make new friends, join lots of clubs and settle into university life.

        However, having just left the comfort of home and all your friends behind,the prospect(前景) of meeting lots of strangers in big halls can be nerve­wracking (令人焦虑不安的). Where do you start? Who should you make friends with? Which clubs should you join?

        Luckily, there will be thousands of others in the same boat as you worrying about starting their university social life on the right foot. So just take it all in slowly. Don't rush into anything that you'll regret for the next three years.

        Here is some top advice from past students on how to survive Freshers' Week:

        Learn rules. Make sure you know British social etiquette(礼节). Have a few wine glasses and snacks handy for your housemates and friends.

        Be kind. Sometimes cups of tea or even slices of toast can give you a head start in making friends.

        Be sociable. The more active you are,the more likely you'll be to meet new people than if you're someone who never leaves his room.

        Bring a doorstop. Keep your door open when you're in and that sends positive messages to your neighbors that you're friendly.

        So with a bit of clever planning and effort, Freshers' Week can give you a great start to your university life and soon you'll be passing on your experience to next year's new recruits.

    1. (1)Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
      A . October is generally the busiest month for universities. B . It's a good idea to put a doorstop in your door. C . A bit of planning can make Freshers' Week easier. D . The first week of your every year at university is called Freshers' Week.
    2. (2)The underlined word "recruits" in the last paragraph refers to "        ".
      A . courses B . freshers C . neighbors D . challenges
    3. (3)We can infer from the 4th paragraph that          .
      A . the newcomers usually miss the days living at home B . most of the students in the UK spend three years in universities C . many freshers are worried about how to fit university life D . all the new students will make new friends and join certain clubs
    4. (4)The main purpose of the passage is to         .
      A . tell the newcomers how to make a new start in universities B . introduce something about higher education system of the UK C . discuss something about the Freshers' Week in the UK D . advise the freshmen how to behave well in the beginning
  • 8. 下列关于电感的说法正确是(  )
    A . 电感器是用裸露的金属导线绕制而成。 B . 电感线圈是导线绕制成的,因此没有电阻或电阻比较小。 C . 电感总会有一定电阻,一般电阻越小性能越差。 D . 电感采用多股漆包线绕制,就是为了增加电感量并缩小体积。
  • 9. 如图所示是小明在电子控制技术实践课上设计搭建的实物连线电路图,经试验,发现该电路能实现“光控路灯”的功能。请根据描述,完成问题。

    1. (1)下列关于实物连线图的说法正确的是(  )
      A . 电路图中三极管为NPN型,发光二极管接在集电极上 B . 电路图中三极管为NPN型,发光二极管接在发射极上 C . 电路图中三极管为PNP型,发光二极管接在发射极上 D . 电路图中三极管为PNP型,发光二极管接在集电极上
    2. (2)经测量三极管的Ube=-0.7V,Uce=-0.3V。下列关于三极管的工作状态判断中,正确的是(  )
      A . 饱和状态 B . 放大状态 C . 截止状态 D . 条件不足,无法判断
  • 10. 如图所示的手工焊接示意图中,正确的操作步骤是(  )

    A . ①②③④ B . ①②④③ C . ②①③④ D . ①③②④
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